It is becoming more obvious as time passes, that, elected officials are no longer representing the American people, but rather, special interest groups. Since then, public consensus on the Scopes trial has mostly been shaped by a 1960 film called Inherit the Wind, which is loosely based on the event. However, author Edward Larson has since tried to fill in the gaps in the movie, as well as correct some of its inaccuracies. His book Summer for the Gods is possibly the most detailed account of the trial, including the events that led to it as well as its aftermath. Accordingly, it is broken down into three main sections: “Before,” “During,” “And After.” When writing the book, Larson had at his disposal a vast amount of archival material that no researcher had the privilege of examining before. This advantage is made clear throughout the text-practically on every page-which is filled with details you’d never find with a simple Google search. Larson also takes the dual-position of historian as well as storyteller. In addition to providing copious detail on every aspect of the trial (everything from facial expressions to random observers’ commentary), Larson tries to the story of the Scopes trial in narrative form. When retelling the tale of John Scopes being asked to go to trial, Larson adds in: “A chain smoker, Scopes probably lit a cigarette at this point, if he had not already done so” (p. 89). Additions like these, although minor, make the entire text sound like a story rather than a history textbook, therefore making the book more readable to a wider audience. There are two main forms of contempt – criminal and civil – but the burden of proof for both is to the criminal standard – Dean v Dean 1987 1 FLR 517 CA. The question whether contempt is a criminal contempt does not depend on the nature of the court to which the contempt was displayed; it depends on the nature of the conduct. To burst into a court room and disrupt a civil trial would be a criminal contempt just as much as if the court had been conducting a criminal trial. Conversely, disobedience to a procedural order of a court is not in itself a crime, just because the order was made in the course of criminal proceedings.â€ – R v ‘Brien 2014 UKSC 23 at 42. As a result of the past, human resources in the justice system are skewed along race and gender lines. Posts in the former TBVC states and the lower posts in the justice system are virtually all held by black people. Senior posts are virtually all held by white people. The legal profession and its governing institutions are dominated by white males. This must be changed. There must be enough black people and women in senior legal posts and in the justice system as a whole. It must be made truly representative of the South African people. Corrective action must be embarked upon in order to ensure that this objective is achieved as speedily as possible.