As Jenny Hocking and Colleen Lewis argue in Whitlam and Modern Labor – It’s Time Again a landmark title from Circa publishing, to dismiss Whitlamism as mere nostalgia fails to recognize that it is not a yearning for the past but a concern for the present which causes progressive thinkers to look to the “brief outbreak of social democracy” from 1972 to 1975 in search of inspiration. 1.7.11 The Judiciary has also taken major strides in utilising information technology in the courts which has, in part at least, enhanced its efficiency. The Technology Courts were, for instance, set up to enable the sharing of information by lawyers and judges and the giving of evidence by witnesses via video conferencing. The Electronic Filing System (EFS), a joint project by the Judiciary, Singapore Network Services and the Singapore Academy of Law to enable the filing, extraction and service of court documents as well as the tracking of case information by electronic means, has undergone further refinements to upgrade services to end-users. It was reconstituted as the Electronic Litigations Systems (ELS) in order to further integrate technology into the litigation processes. eLitigation has since been launched in 2013 to provide for the management of case files through short message services (SMS) reminder alerts, calendaring and hearing management to select hearing dates as well as a secure form of access to the web-based service via SingPass.Â Various information technology innovations have also been utilised to facilitate and streamline various criminal processes, namely the registration and management of criminal cases (SCRIMS), the processing of traffic charges between the police and the courts (TICKS 2000) and the payment of fines for minor traffic offences (ATOMS). Traffic jams quickly ensue around horrendous crashes, as drivers sneak a peek at the roadside carnage. News pundits decry the “militarization” of the police, while encouraging military intervention into someone’s civil war. Anti-gun activists call for “disarming” the public, as they portray gun-wielding superheroes in the movies. With exotic weaponry blazing away at fictional bad people, they make huge sums of money in their vicarious violence. Meanwhile, demonstrations quickly devolve into anarchy, as rioters burn down their neighborhoods protesting violence by the police. Some of the most important communities in this respect were those of AlcaÃ±iz , Calanda , Alcorisa , Valderrobres , Fraga or Alcampel Not only were the lands collectivized, but collective labours were also undertaken, like the retirement home in Fraga, the collectivization of some hospitals (such as in Barbastro or BinÃ©far ) and the founding of schools such as the School of Anarchist Militants. These institutions would be destroyed by the Nationalist troops during the war. Accessory after the fact – those who aid an individual, knowing the individual to be a criminal, in an effort to hinder the individual’s detection, arrest, trial, or punishment. Accessories (after the fact) are guilty of a separate crime, so this section does not pertain to them.
The representative republic system in place in America was meant as a means to put checks on both the people and the state, so that no one group can exploit the other. Laws passed by Congress or a state must define crimes with certainty. A citizen and the courts must have a clear understanding of a criminal law’s requirements and prohibitions. The elements of a criminal law must be stated explicitly, and the statute must embody some reasonably discoverable standards of guilt. If the language of a statute does not plainly show what the legislature intended to prohibit and punish, the statute may be declared void for vagueness. On July 22 2011, a man planted a bomb in an Oslo government building that killed eight people. A few hours after the explosion, he shot and killed 68 people, mostly teenagers, at a Labor Party youth camp on Norway’s Utoya Island. By contrast, under socialism, individuals can still own property. But industrial production, or the chief means of generating wealth, is communally owned and managed by a democratically elected government. Railways in cities often run on viaducts. Below them are arches, in the arches are car workshops, taxi companies have their garages here, and you get carpet warehouses, builder’s yards, cafes (greasy spoon types) or just empty, waiting to be let. Alongside viaducts are streets, pubs, the odd mobile snack bar, back alleys, dark and foreboding. Youths hang about in gangs, sometimes you get someone dealing in contraband (from time immemorial, when railways cut through slum districts those displaced were their best customers out of desperation rather than choice). Contract – A legally enforceable agreement between two or more competent parties made either orally or in writing in which an offer is made and accepted, and each party benefits. The agreement can be formal, informal, written, oral or just plain understood. Some contracts are required to be in writing in order to be enforced by a court. What crime someone can be charged with depends on where the crime occurred. There can be some confusion, though, over whether the offense will be charged under state law or federal law. The best way to understand the difference is to seek the help of a criminal defense attorney in your area that specializes in both state and federal criminal law. The real aim of a socialist society is fairness. The true aim of a neo-socialist society should be to provide people with the basics for living so that they are able to contribute more to what makes a society better; not simple economically better, as is the only improvement sort by capitalist societies.