Receiving stolen property is against the law and is typically defined as someone purchasing or obtaining possession of items that have been stolen by someone else. Complainant – The party who complains or sues; one who applies to the court for legal redress. Also called the plaintiff. 32. J. Bowen and J. Purkis, ‘Introduction: Why Anarchism Still Matters’, in J. Purkis and J. Bowen (Eds), Changing Anarchism: Anarchist Theory and Practice in a Global Age (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004), pp. 1-22, p. 5. Slave Voyages: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database This database, with information on over 35,000 voyages, offers descendants, researchers, students, and the general public a chance to rediscover the reality of one of the largest movements of peoples in world history. By David Eltis. Rudolf Rocker (1873-1958) was a leading figure in the international anarchist movement. Politically active in Britain, Germany and the United States for more than half a century, Rocker helped found several influential anarchist groups. His prolific lectures and writings made him one of the best-known proponents of liberty and freedom. Anarcho-Syndicalism, the most accessible of his works, was first published in 1938 and is now regarded as a classic survey of anarchism at a critical point in world politics. Comparative Party Politics, Party Organization, Intra-Party Candidate and Leadership Selection, Political Representation, Israeli Politics, British Politics. Unlike Marxian socialism, syndicalism was not interested in the conquest of the state by political party activity. It attempted no serious analysis of the historical process. Nor did it count on historical determinism to realize its ends. What does Government represent? Usurping power and extending control, as though it was a their right to do, like they are better than everyone else on the planet. Creating laws that strip an individual right of choice. Creating laws that invade a person’s right to life. Why? Because, they feel the need to make your life a living hell, while they get to be powerful and wealthy, off the hard work of others. There is a human catastrophe in Venezuela. The country now resembles a war zone. Children are dying of hunger and disease. Suicide rates have skyrocketed, even among children. The levels of crime and violence are described as something akin to a horror movie. Their lives have been ripped apart by Democratic Socialism. The National Assembly has three main functions: legislative, deciding the important issues of the country and carrying out the supreme supervision power of all activities of the State. The Argument: One of the most important arguments against U.S. efforts to promote democracy is the claim that countries engaged in transitions to democracy become more likely to be involved in war. Edward Mansfield and Jack Snyder make this argument and support it with statistical evidence that shows a correlation between democratization and war. They suggest that several causal mechanisms explain why democratization tends to lead to war. First, old elites play the nationalist card in an effort to incite conflict so that they can retain power. Second, in emerging democracies without strong democratic institutions new rulers compete for support by playing the nationalist card and search for foreign scapegoats for failures. 113 This type of electoral competition increases the risk of internal and international conflict.
Restitution. This means paying back the victim for what they’ve lost. Restitution is the primary justification for the payment of compensatory damages in civil cases. It is also a justification for community service and similar punishments in criminal cases (where the public at large is considered a victim of the crime). The Weimar Constitution granted citizens civil liberties like freedom of speech and press. It also provided economic and social rights such as unemployment benefits and a ban against job discrimination because of sex, religion, or politics. In addition, the people had the right to put laws directly before the voters in a referendum. By the provisions of s12 of the Contempt of Court Act 1981 it has jurisdiction only to deal with any person who wilfully insults the justice or justices, any witness or officer of the court or any solicitor or counsel having business in the court, during his or their sitting or attendance in court or in going to or returning from the court; or wilfully interrupts the proceedings of the court or otherwise misbehaves in court. These are forms of criminal contempt. The maximum penalty the magistrates’ court can impose is one month’s imprisonment or a fine up to £2,500. Negligence. Under a negligence doctrine, a defendant will be held liable for damages only if he took less care than he should have taken. The amount of care a defendant should have taken is called “due care,” which is defined as the amount of care a reasonable person would have taken under the same circumstances. To take the lawnmower example, a negligence approach might say that if the lawnmower manufacturer had inspectors on the factory floor, did product safety testing, and attached clear safety guidelines for consumers, then it would not have to pay damages for injuries from its lawnmowers. Many common law principles of fairness might more properly be framed as protection for the right of access to justice, including, for example, the rights: to be heard (Ridge v Baldwin 1964 AC 40 ); to have notice of the case against you (R v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex p Doody 1994 1 AC 531 ); to have a hearing free from bias (Dimes v Proprietors of Grand Junction Canal (1852) 3 HL Cas 759); and to open justice (Scott v Scott 1913 AC 417 ). Many of these concepts are reflected in the fair trial rights protected by ECHR article 6 and in other international treaty protections. title search: An examination of public records to determine the state of a title and confirm that the seller of a property is its legal owner. A cloud on the title such as a lien, an unrecorded owner or differing property descriptions on previous deeds can be a reason to cancel a purchase on a property.
Actually, philanthropy is embedded in Capitalism. The chief difference is that a person sharp enough to create enormous wealth, is also sharp enough to chose wisely WHAT charities or public projects do the most good. Socialism means that a government bureaucrat who has never made an honest dollar in his life decides who gets the largess. And this then becomes a political issue, meaning that those with access to political power get the largess. Under the Pension Benefits Act in New Brunswick, common-law couples who have lived together continuously for two years are entitled to survivor pension benefits. This includes the following provincial pension plans: the Public Service Superannuation Act , the Members Pension Act , the Members Superannuation Act , and the Provincial Court Judges Act If a legally married spouse and a common-law partner both apply for the same benefits, the spouse has priority unless stated otherwise in a domestic contract. Socialism requires a central planning board to decide how much work each person will do at what occupation. A true believer convinces himself that he will be happy in any circumstances just to know he lives in a Socialist society, as if Socialist bread will taste sweeter than Capitalist bread simply because it is Socialist bread—even if they found mice in it. In 1936 the CNT militia helped save the republican regime from the first shocks of the Franco revolt. To save the republic, CNT leaders joined first the Catalan government and then the national government of Largo Caballero, showing the world the novelty of anarchosyndicalist cabinet ministers. In Catalonia, when the Civil War began, the CNT took over and ran many factories in the most significant attempt ever made to put syndicalist ideas into practice. These activities were stifled when, in May 1937, government and communist armed forces reduced the CNT center of power in Barcelona. Franco’s victory confirmed the tragic fate of a movement which had discovered the reality of politics too late for its own or the republic’s survival. The Biggest success story of Socialism in Britain is the NHS (National Health Service); created in 1948. It’s State Owned, State Funded and State Run; so that Health is FREE for ALL at the ‘Point of Use’. Stalin, unwilling to admit to the deficiencies in Socialism’s theories, decided to place blame for the ruination of the Russian economy on its peasant farmers. They were herded into collective farms thereby reducing 75% of the Russian people to government chattel.
Even their modest gains in organizational strength were enough to close the heroic period” of the syndicalist unions, and on the eve of World War i they were moving toward reformism. When in 1914 their members marched off to war without a protest from the Confederation, the foundations of syndicalist dogma and practice collapsed. Syndicalist union leaders cooperated with the French government and the Socialist party. Their share in wartime economic direction and in factory representation gave them a new appreciation of the role of the state, of the problems of political power, and of the complexities of the economy. But for another generation after the war most of them continued to pay verbal tribute to old syndicalist slogans, to the confusion of their followers. The communists entered into this heritage of extremist temperament. A handful of faithful pure syndicalists” guarded a small, independent source of revolutionary ardor, if no longer of expectation. Meanwhile, unemployment should be tackled through targeted industry assistance and labour market programs, expansion of public services and the harnessing of superannuation funds. Such demands form the core of a traditional social democratic program and, far from being irrelevant, could eventually garner majority support. Countries cannot be wholly defined as socialist if they have not declared themselves as such in a constitution or through their national name. Throughout history socialism may have been practiced in many countries but the country itself has not been labeled as socialist. Examples of criminal law include cases of burglary, assault, battery and cases of murder. Civil law applies to cases of negligence or malpractice, for example. After all, these are the same class of people Dr. Franz Fanon described as the wretched of the earth” in his seminal text on the process by which the downtrodden and docile masses rise up and destroy their oppressors. Although Fanon was looking at oppressed people in the colonial world, the disinherited in America today are almost as desperate. This duty of confidentiality exists as an obligation under both common law and data protection legislation as well as being one of the core professional principles set out in section 1(3)(e) of the Legal Services Act 2007 and professional standards in our Codes. If a democracy is desired a definition of freedom must come first. Is there a freedom to achieve individually or is that freedom based on a definition of a collective? Are all equal under the law or are all equal to achievement where no one achieves more then the other? Do we speak to an economic system based on free enterprise capitalism or one based on socialism? If socialism then, democracy, most certainly, has no value. If the other, something called The Bill of Rights must be in place and if freedom is to be maintained the tweaking must be on the side of a commitment to Individual Freedom.
The anarcho-syndicalist revolution during the Spanish Civil War resulted in the widespread implementation of anarchist and more broadly socialist organisational principles throughout various portions of the country for two to three years, primarily Catalonia, Aragon , Andalusia and parts of the Levante , with the main organisation being the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo Much of Spain’s economy was put under worker control—in anarchist strongholds like Catalonia, the figure was as high as 75%. I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. By contrast, most office coffee service companies provide a high quality, professional coffee maker for free as long as you contract to buy a minimum amount of coffee and supplies through their service. Many Americans bewail the salaries of Fortune 500 CEOs, but they think nothing of the even higher salaries earned by celebrities, athletes, and entertainers. Redistributive taxation is the weapon of equalization. Public control over labor and the money market are means to achieve their ends. Overregulation ignores the vast productive possibilities of Capitalism to lift all boats to a higher standard of living. It is only where responsibility can be learned and practiced in affairs with which most people are familiar, where it is the awareness of one’s neighbor rather than some theoretical knowledge of the needs of other people which guides action, that the ordinary man can take a real part in public affairs because they concern the world he knows. Where the scope of political measures becomes so large that the bureaucracy almost exclusively possesses the necessary knowledge, the creative impulses of the private person must flag. When Europe consolidated and its member nations accelerated the growth of their big-government socialist states, they set their feet on a path of unavoidable disaster. The struggling economies in places like Greece and Spain, figuring their losses would be covered by the European Central Bank and the union’s stronger economies, spent heavily on entitlements and “green jobs” boondoggles. Sound familiar? The collapse of those economies, and the accompanying street violence, should be dramatic teaching moments that drive home the venerable Ms. Thatcher’s lesson. It is commonly accepted that a child born of nationals of a particular state should be granted the nationality of that state by reason of descent. This idea is particularly utilised in continental European countries, for example, France, Germany and Switzerland, where the child will receive the nationality of his father, although many municipal systems do provide that an illegitimate child will take the nationality of his mother. On the other hand, in common law countries such as Britain and the US the doctrine of the jus sanguinis is more restricted, so that where a father has become a national by descent it does not always follow that that fact alone will be sufficient to make the child a national. The common law countries have tended to adopt the jus soli rule, whereby any child born within the territorial limits of the state automatically becomes a national thereof. There is an exception to this, however, which applies to virtually every country applying the jus soli rule, and that is with regard to persons entitled to immunity from the jurisdiction of the state. In other words, the children of diplomatic personnel born within the country do not automatically acquire its nationality.