The transformation of the very content of the concept of security, whose formulation was based on the analysis of safety risks and forms of threats to security of the people, property and the state as a whole, began internationally after the end of the Cold War. 51 Crown Prosecution Service > The CPS was established following the 1982 Philips Royal Commission on Criminal Procedure, which identified serious inconsistencies and failings in the legal capacity and decisions to prosecute of the police forces. See Paul Rock, ‘Victims, Prosecutors and the State in Nineteenth Century England and Wales’ (2004) 4(4) Criminal Justice 331, 343-4. Take, for instance, the person who comes home to find that their home has been broken into while they were away and their television, stereo and other belongings have been taken. They phone the police and proclaim, I’ve been robbed!” In fact, since they were not home and the belongings were not taken from their person or the immediate vicinity of their person, they were not robbed; rather, their home was burglarized. The confusion is understandable, since people watch a lot of television and actors often dramatically moan, I’ve been robbed!” Sometimes they are correct, but more often the term is used in error. This is easily explained since most screenwriters haven’t gone to law school. One simplified distinction is that robbery is a person-on-person crime. Burglary is a property crime. American business was instrumental in the creation of the political system and intellectual class. Capitalism has been denigrated and watered down in the name of regulation and equality. Social Liberals desire greater equality in incomes, rarely defining how far down the road to absolute equality they are willing to travel. To achieve Social Justice, the redistribution of income can only be accomplished by governmental control of economic activity—known as collectivism. Everything that is true of collectivism is true of Socialism. Central Planning is necessary to realize redistribution. Examples in the United States include the National Planning Board founded by FDR in 1934; the Social Security System; and the Full Employment Act of 1946. In a sense, America’s educational tradition suggests a meritocracy in which higher degrees denote access to greater opportunity. However, because earning this degree does not itself confer any automatic authority upon a person, the U.S. is not a true meritocracy. Today, Singapore offers a modern example that aligns closest to the concept of meritocracy. Here, academic achievements play a deeply determinant role in opportunities for economic advancement, professional mobility, and civic leadership. Though this approach has helped Singapore to become a thriving economy, some express concern that its meritocracy enforces sharp hierarchical divisions between members of the public and a small population of intellectual elites.