Just like having a roommate requires certain rules of conduct about sharing a bathroom, kitchen, food etc., the cabinet that holds the office supplies also has its own set of rules. a legal process similar to a trial, but that takes place outside of a courtroom. Parties choose the decision-maker, called an Arbitrator, who makes a decision for the parties, based on evidence and the law. Parties that choose to go to arbitration, agree to follow the final decision, which can also be enforced by a court. Prothonotary – The public officer who acts as the principal clerk of courts in civil matters. The common law system developed alongside the courts of equity which devised remedies to legal issues based on fairness and equality to counter the sometimes rigid common law. The decisions of these courts were recorded and published, and it therefore became possible for the judiciary to look at previous decisions (precedents) and apply them to the case at hand. The country of North Korea is a socialist state, lacking a stock exchange, supporting many social programs, and the economy is state-run. 2.3 Finally, this chapter considers the justice needs of victims of crime and their experience of the modern adversarial trial process. Appeal – A request to a supervisory court, usually composed of a panel of judges, to overturn the legal ruling of a lower court. While these types of government systems all vary, they have at least one similarity: the allocation of power. Whether it be the allocation of power to a single person, a group of people, or evenly distributed to everyone, power is the shared theme of all types of government systems. A person who initiates a civil lawsuit. Similar to petitioner. The party who complains or sues in a personal action and is named as a party to the lawsuit. Defendant is the opposing party. The members of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly may not simultaneously be members of the Government. The majority of the members work on full-time basis. The terms of office correspond with the term of office of the National Assembly. When the term of the National Assembly, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly continues to work until the new National Assembly elects a new Standing Committee. Sancho, Guiomar Rovira. 2014. Networks, insurgencies, and prefigurative politics A cycle of global indignation.â€ Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies 20 (4): 387-401. This race and religious tension appears to have slowly dissipated within the last years. Nevertheless, if it does not substantially minimize to the point where law and order can be established and safety can be guaranteed, it would be a serious challenge and danger for the development and growth of Indonesia. It would also be an attack to the very core of the Indonesian foundation Pancasila, which in turn would become a threat to the unity of the Republic.