India is a democratic country with sovereign socialist secular parliamentary form of government. As said by Mary Church Terrell, the only group in this country that has two such huge obstacles to surmount …both sex and race.” During a time of little tolerance for race and gender, African American women fought for women’s rights through the pretenses of the Civil Rights Movement. The argument that democracy exacerbates ethnic tensions also is unpersuasive. Managing ethnic tensions in multiethnic societies isn’t easy, but democratic approaches may be at least as successful as authoritarian ones. Authoritarian states that appeared to control ethnic tensions often did so at a high price in human life. The Soviet Union avoided ethnic civil war, but under Stalin it decimated or deported many ethnic minorities. Tito’s Yugoslavia avoided violent disintegration, but hundreds of thousands of suspected separatists were killed on Tito’s orders, particularly in the late 1940s. Considerable evidence indicates that liberal democracy, with its emphasis on tolerance, cooperation, political accommodation, and respect for civil liberties, provides the best recipe for long-term domestic stability. Bernd M. Scherer has been the Director of Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW) since 2006. He holds a Ph.D. in Philosophy from the Saarland University. Philosopher and author of several publications focusing on aesthetics and international cultural exchange, Scherer came to the HKW from the Goethe-Institut. He curated and directed major art and cultural projects such as Das weiße Meer”, Rethinking Europe”, Water-agua” (in Mexico), and Über-Lebenkunst”. He wrote numerous articles on cultural philosophy and aesthetics. Sometimes the application of the Federal system denotes the full autonomy or self-autonomy(decentralized or devolved system of governance) of the political unit to produce governmental budget and revenue to be used for the common welfare in the specific geographical or territorial unit of the state. Printers: another office equipment that is quite essential in any office. Color printers and laser printers are some of the common varieties of printers which are available today. Printers, which are attached to the computers, are available with a number of latest features. And thirdly, in describing what are the basic human rights , which must be protected for every person, and what further civil and political rights citizens have, it sets the fundamental borders to what any government must and must not do. As a student of COINTELPRO, the government’s infamous Counter-Intelligence Program directed against the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, I know what my government is capable of doing to quash dissent. That’s why I voted against the Patriot Act, worked in Congress to roll back the Secret Evidence Act, and introduced legislation to repeal the Military Commissions Act. I come from a long legacy of activists for justice and freedom inside this country. I am on the advocacy front lines for peace abroad and justice at home. But I know that we will not have peace or justice without truth. Truth is the foundation of the dignity that we seek. Dignity for all is not a threat to the United States.
Complainant – The party who complains or sues; one who applies to the court for legal redress. Also called the plaintiff. 32. J. Bowen and J. Purkis, ‘Introduction: Why Anarchism Still Matters’, in J. Purkis and J. Bowen (Eds), Changing Anarchism: Anarchist Theory and Practice in a Global Age (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004), pp. 1-22, p. 5. Slave Voyages: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database This database, with information on over 35,000 voyages, offers descendants, researchers, students, and the general public a chance to rediscover the reality of one of the largest movements of peoples in world history. By David Eltis. Rudolf Rocker (1873-1958) was a leading figure in the international anarchist movement. Politically active in Britain, Germany and the United States for more than half a century, Rocker helped found several influential anarchist groups. His prolific lectures and writings made him one of the best-known proponents of liberty and freedom. Anarcho-Syndicalism, the most accessible of his works, was first published in 1938 and is now regarded as a classic survey of anarchism at a critical point in world politics. Comparative Party Politics, Party Organization, Intra-Party Candidate and Leadership Selection, Political Representation, Israeli Politics, British Politics. Unlike Marxian socialism, syndicalism was not interested in the conquest of the state by political party activity. It attempted no serious analysis of the historical process. Nor did it count on historical determinism to realize its ends. What does Government represent? Usurping power and extending control, as though it was a their right to do, like they are better than everyone else on the planet. Creating laws that strip an individual right of choice. Creating laws that invade a person’s right to life. Why? Because, they feel the need to make your life a living hell, while they get to be powerful and wealthy, off the hard work of others. There is a human catastrophe in Venezuela. The country now resembles a war zone. Children are dying of hunger and disease. Suicide rates have skyrocketed, even among children. The levels of crime and violence are described as something akin to a horror movie. Their lives have been ripped apart by Democratic Socialism. The National Assembly has three main functions: legislative, deciding the important issues of the country and carrying out the supreme supervision power of all activities of the State. The Argument: One of the most important arguments against U.S. efforts to promote democracy is the claim that countries engaged in transitions to democracy become more likely to be involved in war. Edward Mansfield and Jack Snyder make this argument and support it with statistical evidence that shows a correlation between democratization and war. They suggest that several causal mechanisms explain why democratization tends to lead to war. First, old elites play the nationalist card in an effort to incite conflict so that they can retain power. Second, in emerging democracies without strong democratic institutions new rulers compete for support by playing the nationalist card and search for foreign scapegoats for failures. 113 This type of electoral competition increases the risk of internal and international conflict.
The United States is a federal republic. It is federal because most of its powers are devolved to the local states. The federal government, although given the highest and widest power and governance, most of its powers are exercised by the state and local political units. Three levels of power and governance govern the United States. The federal level of governance is given the authority to control and manage the national affairs of the United States. The national or federal government is responsible for regulating the internal affairs between its states, providing for national defense, managing the national economy, and dealing with the relationships with other sovereign states and other international entities. The state level of power and governance in the United States politics has the responsibility of managing the more internal and local affairs of their respective political subdivision. The area of control for this state government is only limited to its boundaries. To further devolutionize and empower the locals and citizens, the most localized level of the United States politics is the local government. This local government handles and manages almost the household level of social concerns. They are in the form of city, county, town, or districts of the said geopolitical area. However, in civil law countries, the judge is usually the main investigator, and the lawyer’s role is to advise a client on legal proceedings, write legal pleadings, and help provide favorable evidence to the investigative judge. Enterprises in Yugoslavia operated under soft-budget constraints (Kornai, 1980). Although there were more bankruptcies in Yugoslavia than in other socialist countries, the more frequent measure was the socialisation of losses through the redistribution of resources from profit-making to loss-making firms. The lack of enterprises’ financial discipline also derived from the low cost of capital, since interest rates on bank credits remained negative in real terms (Uvalić, 1992). The Yugoslav economy was also characterised by an overinvestment drive (Kornai, 1980), very high investment rates which were realised until the 1980s, rather than by underinvestment as proposed by the LMF literature. In Yugoslavia this was not accomplished through objectives set in central plans, but through more decentralised mechanisms (as described previously). Other socialists, however, did not accept the violent, undemocratic nature of that course, although they agreed that capitalism was unjust and unstable. The left’s role, in the view of these democratic socialists” — the Czech-Austrian theorist Karl Kautsky , for instance — was to remind citizens of capitalism’s defects and rally popular support for an alternative economic system that would end private ownership and assert popular control over the means of production.
Władysław Głuchowski – born 27th July 1911 in Lipniki near Siedlce, teacher and anarcho-syndicalist. 1931-1932 editor of Życie Uniwersyteckie (University Life) in Poznan, activist of Zwiazek Polskiej Mlodziezy Demokratycznej (ZPMD: Union of Polish Democratic Youth), graduated from the History Faculty. After studies he worked as a teacher in Belorussian secondary school in Wilnus Vilna. 1934-1939 anarcho-syndicalist activist (they also called themselves revolutionary syndicalists) in ZZZ (Union of Workers Unions). At the same time member of Anarchistyczna Federacja Polski (AFP: Anarchist Federation of Poland). Published in Front robotniczy (Workers’ Front, newspaper of ZZZ). In 1935 became a section secretary of ZZZ in Krakow. Arrested 10th January 1937 after rally in Chrzanow, accused of calling for overthrow of the state. In October 1937 acquitted by the court after police and workers’ testimony. 1937-1939 secretary of section of ZZZ in Czestochowa. Strike organizer. Initiator of many workers common-rooms in Upper Silesia and people’s house in Czestochowa. With the lawyer Zygmunt Choldyk was an initiator of underground Polski Zwiazek Wolnosci (PZW: Polish Association of Freedom). In 1940 joined Syndykalistyczna Organizacja ‘Wolnosc’ (Syndicalist Organization ‘Freedom’). 12 June 1940 arrested by the Gestapo and send to Sachsenhausen concentration camp. 19 January 1941 died of infected wounds as prisoner no.17710. He left a daughter, Helen. A judge refers to similar cases in the past and uses the judgments rendered then as a basis for deciding the current case. Thus, the judges while presiding over a case are referring to decisions based on previous cases to come to their final decision. In the event of unique circumstances presented in the specific case, the judgment passed by the judge becomes the new law. Communism certainly failed, but social democracy has arguably been the single most successful modern ideology or political movement. Stable European democracies arose after World War II because a social consensus married relatively free markets and private ownership of the means of production with expanded welfare states, progressive taxation and other forms of government intervention in the economy and society. Without the impressive economic results generated by the market, the huge improvements in living standards in the West after the war would not have been possible; the 30 years after 1945 were Europe’s fastest period of economic growth ever But without the welfare state, the benefits of growth would not have been distributed so widely: Inequality declined dramatically during the postwar decades.