The Government and people of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas congratulate the Government and people of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka on seventy-two (72) years of nationhood. In decorating your place of work, you can try to consult an interior designer. They can help you give inputs on the appropriate items that should be in your office. They can also suggest the stores that have rare styles. Usually, offices should have a minimalist kind of set up; the simpler, the better. This is because your work area must not create any disturbance. You would not want to work in an office that looks like a kids’ playroom right? It would be terrible sitting on an executive chair which has floral designs or with loud colors. As much as possible pick those styles that have solid colors. Appeal and review jurisdiction High courts review and hear appeals of criminal and civil cases in the lower courts. In such cases a further appeal can be made to the supreme court of appeal. Sometimes one can appeal within a high court against the decision of a single judge to full bench (three judges) of the same court. Habitus is related to cultural capital because the social class of an individual partially determines whether his or her habitus will propel or handicap his or her advancement in society – the upper-class habitus infers more cultural capital because it is part of a self-perpetuating system that assigns value determined by the upper-class, while the lower-class habitus perpetuates the lower class’ social positions in a similar manner, promoting tastes which when displayed in public signify the symbolic distance between the lower classes and the upper classes in social fields (Bourdieu 1984:69). That my friend is a form of socialism that exist along with capitalism. If they were privatized, it would create chaos and corruption like we have never seen before. As I said before, socialism, does not necessarily mean communism. We also need socialism at the state levels, in the form of law enforcement, fire fighting, ambulance services, et al. This tendency also signaled a shift away from class politics, or indeed that social classes in the Marxist (or classical anarchist) sense existed any longer. Hardt and Negri argued, instead, that a myriad of oppressions and exploitations could only be understood as a whole multitude. No longer, they argued, was class struggle the primary motor force of history. They highlighted the rebellions of indigenous communities, landless farmers, the urban poor, and others as examples of this new dynamic that, in their view, did not fit into the classical Marxist understanding of class struggle. Reasonable Doubt – Doubt based on the exercise of rational judgment and the presence or absence of evidence to support a conclusion. Usually refers to the standard used to determine the guilt or innocence of a defendant in a criminal case.

You are right though about the Civil Rights Act, while it was meant to give people equal rights, some rights are restricted but low and behold, that is why Republicans love statehood because they get to call the shots and hate the government because the Constitution suprecedes the state. The resolution or parties’ agreement to end a lawsuit without going to trial, usually involving payment of compensation from defendant to plaintiff. The Attorney General has a public interest function, part of which is to ensure the fair and proper administration of justice. In exercising his or her functions in relation to contempt, the Attorney General is acting independently of Government, in a public interest capacity, to ensure that justice is protected and accordingly takes it proper course. It is imperative that where an allegation of contempt of court arises and the Attorney may need to institute proceedings or his consent is required it is referred immediately to the Attorney General. Cases should be referred immediately even though further investigation is required or is being carried out and particularly where an Order has been made for the matter to be referred to the Attorney General. The strategy and the tactics of this third, counter-hegemonic, route need constant fine-tuning. But two lessons are already clear. First, a struggle to rescue Indian democracy cannot be separated either from the battle to save the Indian model of a diverse nation, or from the need to resurrect the promise of an inclusive welfare state. A single point save democracy” or save constitution” movement is unlikely to succeed. The political battle has to go hand in hand with struggles in the economic and cultural spheres. And second, the electoral arena may not be central to the historic mission of reclaiming the republic. We are unlikely to witness a repeat of 1977 when an authoritarian ruler quietly stepped down after an electoral defeat. Mass mobilisation and popular resistance outside the electoral arena are going to be prerequisites for any effective reversal of the hegemonic power. Oligarchy refers to a form of government in which a smattering of individuals rule over a nation. In many ways, oligarchy is a catch-all for any number of other forms of governance in which a specific set of qualities — wealth, heredity, race — are used to vest power in a small group of individuals. So, forms of government regarded as aristocratic, plutocratic, or totalitarian, for instance, can be referred to as oligarchic. Oligarchies are often characterized by tyrannical or authoritarian rule and an absence of democratic practices or individual rights.

A decisive moment for Yugoslavia’s ‘third way’ was the political split between Yugoslavia and the USSR in 1948. The schism between Stalin and Tito was not the result of ideological differences, but arose mainly, according to the dominant interpretation, out of Tito’s extra-Yugoslav ambitions (Pavlowitch, 2002). 3 The result was Yugoslavia’s expulsion from the Soviet bloc, the removal of its ruling party from the Cominform (the Information Bureau of Communist Parties). These events facilitated the abandoning of the earlier uncritical emulation of the Soviet model although with some delay; thus agriculture was briefly collectivised in 1948 to prove socialist conformity (Estrin, 1983, p. 52). Since post-leftism positions itself outside and opposed to the left, it plays the most reactionary role within anarchism. Unaccountable to anyone but themselves, post-leftist tactics have served to disrupt and disorient fresh activist movements. On the ideological level, post-leftism is more closely related with the bizarre formulations of the so-called anarcho-capitalists and national anarchists. Indeed, many do not consider the post-leftists to be anarchists at all. Yet, the three-way fight” politics continue to permeate the anarchist movement. The Magistrates’ Courts Amendment Act, 1993 (Act 120 of 1993) provides for the establishment of family courts. These courts will be instituted as pilot projects in the various provinces. Family courts will be part of the lower court structure, and these courts will hear divorce actions. The exclusive jurisdiction of the high court in such cases will therefore cease. Many divorce cases are quite simple because they are unopposed. The family court will provide for cheaper litigation in such cases. It will not be necessary to appoint an advocate, as is the case in the high court, because an attorney will be able to appear in the family courts. It will also reduce the costs for people who live far away from a high court. But the high court will still have jurisdiction (although not exclusive jurisdiction) in divorce cases. This means that the high court will be a more suitable forum for opposed and complex divorce actions. The family court also has jurisdiction in other family related disputes such as maintenance, access, custody and guardianship of children. Through a rich variety of multidisciplinary networks and research centres, our academics maintain significant connections with the international community and are exceptionally well placed to explore the social, cultural and political foundations of the contemporary world.