Business credit holds a lot of promise for small business owners, but comes with some caveats. When Catherine drives at 40 mph in a 30 mph zone, she is speeding (and liable to have points put on her driving licence and a fine if found guilty of the offence). Speeding is a criminal law offence. Laws on speeding are created to provide a safe environment for both road users and pedestrians. One of the reasons why speeding is punished is deterrence, to prevent people from breaking the speed limit and causing road traffic accidents. Socialism is a types of government which states that the whole commuity owns and regulated means of proudvitonm exchange and distribution. Today, communism exists in China, Cuba, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam—although in reality, a purely communist state has never existed. Such countries can be classified as communist because in all of them, the central government controls all aspects of the economic and political system. But none of them have achieved the elimination of personal property, money or class systems that the communist ideology requires. franslovak— Thank you for your fantastic comments. You have lived it therefore you know exactly what I am driving at. One of my dear friends escaped from Prague in 1968 and is now the Czech Consul for Florida. He has educated me as to much of what goes on in a Socialist country. Welcome to the Hub Pages Community. Most criminal laws require that the specified crime be committed with knowledge of the act’s criminality and with criminal intent. However, some statutes make an act criminal regardless of intent. When a statute is silent as to intent, knowledge of criminality and criminal intent need not be proved. Such statutes are called Strict Liability laws. Examples are laws forbidding the sale of alcohol to minors, and Statutory Rape laws. Supervision may be necessary in some instances, and this can be in the form of house supervision (also known as house arrest), with the convicted parties required to conform to certain guidelines as part of parole or probation regimen. Money can be seized and property also. The convicted person or persons have very little say in exactly what is kept and what is taken in by the state of their residence or operation. The enforcement applied by criminal law is categorized in 5 separate groups: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restitution. The value of each of these methods is largely determined by the jurisdiction overseeing the law proceedings. OWJN contains general legal information only. OWJN does not give legal advice. If you need legal advice, you should contact a lawyer, who can help you make decisions about your legal rights. You may be eligible for legal advice from a community Legal Aid clinic.
The anarcho-syndicalist revolution during the Spanish Civil War resulted in the widespread implementation of anarchist and more broadly socialist organisational principles throughout various portions of the country for two to three years, primarily Catalonia, Aragon , Andalusia and parts of the Levante , with the main organisation being the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo Much of Spain’s economy was put under worker control—in anarchist strongholds like Catalonia, the figure was as high as 75%. I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. By contrast, most office coffee service companies provide a high quality, professional coffee maker for free as long as you contract to buy a minimum amount of coffee and supplies through their service. Many Americans bewail the salaries of Fortune 500 CEOs, but they think nothing of the even higher salaries earned by celebrities, athletes, and entertainers. Redistributive taxation is the weapon of equalization. Public control over labor and the money market are means to achieve their ends. Overregulation ignores the vast productive possibilities of Capitalism to lift all boats to a higher standard of living. It is only where responsibility can be learned and practiced in affairs with which most people are familiar, where it is the awareness of one’s neighbor rather than some theoretical knowledge of the needs of other people which guides action, that the ordinary man can take a real part in public affairs because they concern the world he knows. Where the scope of political measures becomes so large that the bureaucracy almost exclusively possesses the necessary knowledge, the creative impulses of the private person must flag. When Europe consolidated and its member nations accelerated the growth of their big-government socialist states, they set their feet on a path of unavoidable disaster. The struggling economies in places like Greece and Spain, figuring their losses would be covered by the European Central Bank and the union’s stronger economies, spent heavily on entitlements and “green jobs” boondoggles. Sound familiar? The collapse of those economies, and the accompanying street violence, should be dramatic teaching moments that drive home the venerable Ms. Thatcher’s lesson. It is commonly accepted that a child born of nationals of a particular state should be granted the nationality of that state by reason of descent. This idea is particularly utilised in continental European countries, for example, France, Germany and Switzerland, where the child will receive the nationality of his father, although many municipal systems do provide that an illegitimate child will take the nationality of his mother. On the other hand, in common law countries such as Britain and the US the doctrine of the jus sanguinis is more restricted, so that where a father has become a national by descent it does not always follow that that fact alone will be sufficient to make the child a national. The common law countries have tended to adopt the jus soli rule, whereby any child born within the territorial limits of the state automatically becomes a national thereof. There is an exception to this, however, which applies to virtually every country applying the jus soli rule, and that is with regard to persons entitled to immunity from the jurisdiction of the state. In other words, the children of diplomatic personnel born within the country do not automatically acquire its nationality.