Criminal law, also known as penal law is a term used to refer to different rule bodies in distinct jurisdictions. While one person criticizes another for a posting in social media that may violate “community standards”, another vicious torments others for their political leanings. Intolerance for tolerance often depends on whether or not the other person agrees with another opinion. In prior times, open debate on controversial issues embraced the free spirit of candid commentary. Now, the opposite seems more likely. Sensitivity to everything shuts down the free exercise of alternative perspectives. At the same time, emotional reactivity threatens factual authenticity. Many of the first successful challenges under the HRA focused on article 6 and some of the first declarations of incompatibility concerned the right to a fair hearing. In International Transport Roth GmbH and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department 2002 EWCA Civ 158 , a fixed penalty scheme fell foul of article 6 standards. In R v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex p Anderson 2002 UKHL 46 , the home secretary was insufficiently independent for the purposes of article 6 to set the tariffs served by mandatory life prisoners. In both cases, the common law on access to justice was cited, but the ultimate remedy provided by a declaration under the HRA, prompting speedy changes to the law. Black studies, post-World War Two United States, media and communications studies, political parties, urban politics, Maryland politics & history. In some cases the law enforcement investigator will want to interview the accused suspect early in the investigation in order to hear both sides before making a decision about what occurred and who is to blame. Sadly, more often than not in my career in criminal law, I have seen that the opposite is more common. In other words, the investigator will speak to the initial complaining victims and their witnesses and then decide that a crime was committed and that the accused did it. From then on the investigation’s purpose becomes an exercise in bolstering the evidence in order to reach probable cause and make the case more winnable for the prosecutor. One technique that is often used in a criminal investigation is to finish the investigation, gathering all the available facts and evidence, and then try to interview the suspect. In these cases, the goal in interviewing the suspect is not to objectively collect information in order to make a decision, but to attempt to trap the suspect in lies by pretending to know little or nothing about the complained of incident and allowing the suspect to “educate” them. The author has seen many times, in 15 years working as a prosecutor in the Pinellas and Pasco County Florida State Attorney’s Office, that the police need to get statements from the suspect in order to have the probable cause necessary to make an arrest.